Links

Filter Condition

Introduction

The workflows you create in Devtron for managing the CI-CD of your application can be made flexible, for e.g., not all events (such as image builds) generated during the CI stage require progression to the CD stage. Therefore, instead of creating multiple pipelines that cater to complex requirements, Devtron provides you the option of creating filters to make your workflow efficient.
Using filter conditions, you can control the progression of events. Here are a few general examples:
  • Images containing the label "test" should not be eligible for deployment in production environment
  • Only images having tag versions greater than v0.7.4 should be eligible for deployment
  • Images hosted on Docker Hub should be eligible but not the rest

Steps to Create a Filter

Pre-requisite: You must have application(s) with CI-CD workflow(s) configured
  1. 1.
    From the left sidebar, go to Global ConfigurationsFilter Condition.
  2. 2.
    Add a filter condition.
    Figure 1: Creating Our First Filter
  3. 3.
    In the Define Filter condition section, you get the following fields:
    • Filter For: Choose the pipeline upon which the filter should apply. Currently, you can use filter conditions for CD pipelines only. Support for CI pipelines is underway.
    Figure 2: 'Define Filter Condition' section
    • Filter Name: Give a name to the filter.
    • Description: (Optional) Add a description to the filter, preferably explaining what it does.
    • Filter Condition: You can specify either a pass condition, fail condition, or both the conditions:
      • Pass Condition: Only those events that satisfy the condition will be directed through your pipeline.
      • Fail Condition: Events that fail the condition will not be directed through your pipeline..
    • Use CEL Expression: You can use Common Expression Language (CEL) to define the conditions. Currently, you can create conditions with the help of following variables:
      • containerImage: Package that contains all the necessary files and instructions to run an application in a container, e.g., gcr.io/k8s-minikube/kicbase:v0.0.39. It returns a string value in the following format: <registry>/<repository>:<tag>
      • containerRepository: Storage location for container images, e.g., kicbase
      • containerImageTag: Versioning of image to indicate its release, e.g., v0.0.39
      • imageLabels: The label(s) you assign to an image in the CD pipeline, e.g., ["PROD","Stage"]. It returns an array of strings.
      Click View filter criteria to check the supported criteria. You get a copy button and a description of each criterion upon hovering. Moreover, you can go to CEL expression to learn more about the rules and supported syntax. Check Examples to know more.
      Figure 3: List of Supported Values
  4. 4.
    Click Next.
  5. 5.
    In the Apply to section, you get the following fields:
    • Application: Choose one or more applications to which your filter condition must apply.
    Figure 4: Selecting Application(s)
    • Environment: Choose one or more environments to which your filter condition must apply.
    Figure 5: Selecting Environment(s) from Cluster(s)
Since an application can have more than one environment, the filter conditions apply only to the environment you chose in the **Apply to** section. If you create a filter condition without choosing an application or environment, it will not apply to any of your pipelines.
  1. 6.
    Click Save. You have successfully created a filter.
    Figure 6: Success Toast
If you create filters using CEL expressions that result in a conflict (i.e., passing and failing of the same image), fail will have higher precedence

Examples

Here's a sample pipeline we will be using for our explanation of pass condition and fail condition.
Figure 7: Sample Pipeline

Pass Condition

Consider a scenario where you wish to make an image eligible for deployment only if its tag version is greater than v0.0.7
The CEL Expression should be containerImageTag > "v0.0.7"
Figure 8: CEL Expression for Pass Condition
Go to the Build & Deploy tab. The filter condition was created specifically for test environment, therefore the filter condition would be evaluated only at the relevant CD pipeline, i.e., test
Figure 9: Build & Deploy tab
Click Select Image for the test CD pipeline. The first tab Eligible images shows the list and count of images that have satisfied the pass condition since their tag versions were greater than v0.0.7. Hence, they are marked eligible for deployment.
Figure 10: List of Eligible Images
The second tab Latest images shows the latest builds (up to 10 images) irrespective of whether they have satisfied the filter condition(s) or not. The ones that have not satisfied the filter conditions get marked as Excluded. In other words, they are not eligible for deployment.
Figure 11: List of Latest Images
Clicking the filter icon at the top-left shows the filter condition(s) applied to the test CD pipeline.
Figure 12a: Filter Icon
Figure 12b: Conditions Applied

Fail Condition

Consider a scenario where you wish to exclude an image from deployment if its tag starts with the word trial or ends with the word testing
The CEL Expression should be containerImageTag.startsWith("trial") || containerImageTag.endsWith("testing")
Figure 13: CEL Expression for Fail Condition
Go to the Build & Deploy tab. The filter condition was created specifically for devtron-demo environment, therefore the filter condition would be evaluated only at the relevant CD pipeline, i.e., devtron-demo
Figure 14: Build & Deploy tab
Click Select Image for the devtron-demo CD pipeline. The first tab Eligible images shows the list and count of images that have not met the fail condition. Hence, they are marked eligible for deployment.
Figure 15: List of Eligible Images
The second tab Latest images shows the latest builds (up to 10 images) irrespective of whether they have satisfied the filter condition(s) or not. The ones that have satisfied the filter conditions get marked as Excluded. In other words, they are not eligible for deployment.
Figure 16: List of Latest Images
Clicking the filter icon at the top-left shows the filter condition(s) applied to the devtron-demo CD pipeline.
Figure 17a: Filter Menu Icon
Figure 17b: Conditions Applied